A museum located next to Sukhbaatar Square exhibits an amazing collection. It is the National Museum of Mongolia. The museum takes its visitors on a journey deep into time, going back thousands of years, with its invaluable, unrivaled pieces. That’s the reason some travelers recommend starting a journey through Mongolia from here. Also, here you can get a grasp of the history of democracy in Mongolia. While Mongolia’s democracy
In 2008, a warrior’s tomb was found in the Altai region of Mongolia. The tomb contained a musical instrument, the Altai Yatga, which gave new insight into the nomad’s musical heritage and culture. Many sources, such as historic poetry and epic stories, horse-head fiddles and other musical instruments from the Hunnu period, show that ancient nomads were very music-minded. Musical instruments found from early Mongolia usually have depictions of a hunter and animals on the body, much like a petroglyph. Famous Mongolian harpist Ch. Munkh-Erdene, who was the first person to play the finely crafted Altai Yatga, said, “I’m very happy that this harp, which has carried the culture of a civilization from 1,400 years ago, has been discovered from my Mongolia. When I first played this instrument, the melody sounded like a living, colorful music.” This valuable piece is being kept in the National Museum.
A series of artworks found from the tombs of Hunnu kings and noblemen at the Gol Mod archaeological monument are very unique findings. Surprising and notable artworks included gold, silver, and bronze ornaments from a nobleman’s chariot that had intricate and elaborate carvings depicting animals, as well as a glass cup made 2,100 years ago in Rome. These artifacts provided historians with evidence that the ancient nomadic civilization living in Central Asia had contact and relations with the ancient Roman Empire. There are only 10 of these beautifully crafted Roman cups in the world today. German scholar Gail Hanz said of the cup, “These types of cups were used by a very few Roman aristocratic noblemen. There are three more cups being kept in Bonn, four in a museum in New York, and two in the State Hermitage Museum in Russia.” Visitors are able to see the artifacts found from the tombs by making advance reservations to visit the Archaeological Museum at Ulaanbaatar State University.
Mongolia is the country of dinosaurs. Due to Mongolian Government's 11th Establishment, The Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs was established to protect, register and verify fossils, all in order to preserve our heritage for future generations. The muzeum’s operation started officially since it got registration certification on the February 21 in 2013.
The first exhibition "T.Bataar (Tarbosaurus Bataar) comes home" was organized successfully on the June 8 in 2013 at the Sukhbaatar square with approximately half million people visiting the exhibition during 3 months. Henceforth, 22 dinosaurs of 6 genus and 187 exhibits from Italy will come back to their motherland, fossils from Paleontological Center will be located at Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs and museum treasury will be enriched by more than 1000 fossils.
Mongolia has rich dinosaur fossils and a lot of paleontological research works have been done. So there was a big demand of establishing paleontology museum in Mongolia.
In 1923, Roy Chapman Andrews found dinosaur eggs during a scientific expedition in the Mongolian Gobi. Before this discovery, the world had no idea that dinosaurs laid eggs. The Central Dinosaur Museum, located in Ulaanbaatar, is full of rare and unique exhibits that will take you back to hundred million years ago, when dinosaurs roamed the earth.
Mongolians are among those who have created the largest number of puzzle toys. This ability of the Mongolians to think creatively and solve puzzles got its start in nomadic households of ancient times. Even the dwelling, furniture, and other household items required creativity to make them easy to transport. Mongolians used to create puzzle toys for their children, focusing on developing their ability to think and create, to develop methods for assembly, and sparking creativity in terms of design. There is a unique museum in Ulaanbaatar that displays this valuable cultural heritage. It is the International Intellectual Museum.
The museum was the first private museum opened in Mongolia, and it displays over 11,000 puzzles from 130 countries. It is very unique because visitors can not only can view the displays, but they also have the opportunity to touch and play with them. The museum’s collection includes up to 673 wonderful art works displayed, such as paintings, objects in different forms, puzzle versions of the Seven Wonders of the World, spacecrafts, puzzle gers, puzzle dolls, puzzle toys in the form of monasteries, and other constructions. The museum has over 560 unique chess sets, including one with 10 cm tall figures made of bone and intricate 4 mm carvings. This is a place that every guest visiting Ulaanbaatar should experience. You should definitely stop by this museum, which is rich in interesting and unique displays. Of course, the works mentioned above cannot fully encompass and reflect the different facets and colors of the creativity and artistic thinking of Mongolians. It is simply impossible. But we do hope that it can offer you at least a small glimpse at the creativity of the ancient and modern nomads. Ulaanbaatar is a city that can acquaint you with the best and most wonderful Mongolian artworks and brighten up your discovery of the innovative and imaginative Mongolian way of thinking.
The Ulaanbaatar City Museum offers a brief but insightful view of Ulaanbaatar’s history through old maps and photos. The most interesting item is a huge painting of the capital as it looked in 1912. Here, you will get introduced with a history of origin and development of Ulaanbaatar city. The building of the museum was considered to be luxurious and exclusive private house in the beginning of the 20th century. The government of Mongolia was temporarily housed in this building in July 1921.
The Winter Palace of Bogd Khaan - one of the first museums in Mongolia - was built in 1924. It used to be a winter residence of the last king of Mongolia, Javzandamba. The palace compound was built between 1893 and 1903, and is well known for its Gate of Peace, temple and personal library of Bogd Khaan. Among the museum's exhibits are sculptures by Mongolia's first Bogd or religious leader Zanabazar, the famous Taras. The museum has 21 invaluable sculptures of Taras. The collections at the Palace Museum numbers over 8,000 exhibits, of these 72 are certified by the State as unique but others are priceless artifacts. For example, there is a mantle (lama's) made of black fox fur that was presented to the first Bogd Zanabazar by the Manchurian King Enkh-Amgalan. The fur mantle is made of 80 fox skins and, by removing spinal parts of the skins, is seen to be adorned with 61 pieces of coral flower and 800 pieces of pearl. Its length is 186cm and the width of its skirt is 7 meters. Bogd Khaan also had a jacket made of yellow brocade and decorated with pearl patterns in which about 22,000 small pearls have been used. Besides this, it is worthy of mention that there is a hat, made from the leaves of a sandal tree that had been presented to the Bogd Khaan by Dalai Lama V and a chair presented by Russian Tsar Nikolai II. In its time, the chair used to play music when someone sat on it. The museum preserves the crown of the Bogd Khaan, a music box, silver articles, various stuffed animals, a carriage, silver saddle, and many other priceless and unique items.
The building of the Fine Arts Museum was constructed in 1913 in a ‘European style’. The museum is renowned for the works of G. Zanabazar (1635-1724), which include the statues of Sita Tara, the Five Dhayani Buddhas and the Bodhi Stupa. By visiting the museum, you will see the artistic works of Mongolian masters of the 18-20th Centuries, coral masks, thangkas, as well as the famous paintings of B. Sharav entitled “A Day in Mongolia” and “Airag feast”. The Museum contains 13000 objects. The exhibition hall regularly hosts the works of contemporary artists.
At the north of the Sukhbaatar Square, in a place of honor, there stands a statue of Great Chinggis Khaan and the State Palace. The ceremonial complex is home to statues of Great Khaans and equestrian knights, a glass walled gallery of art showcasing ancient states that existed on Mongolian land, in treasured works such as “Great Mongol State” and “The Empire”. In the pillared hall are the Nine White Banners, the Ger Palace for ceremonies, and the Mongolian Statehood History Museum. It’s a must to visit the Mongolian Statehood History Museum to learn about the great 2,000-year-old tradition of Mongolian statehood. There are invaluable pieces such as symbols of statehood, the stamp seals of ancient kings, and the State Gerege exhibited.